Today, Hebrew is the official language of the Jewish people... but that almost wasn't the case.  In the early 20th century, religious Jews thought it was blasphemy to use their "holy language" for everyday conversation, and secular Jews from Europe preferred to speak the languages of their native countries.  Even Zionist leader Theodor Herzl envisioned a Jewish state with German as the official language. 

Throughout the early 20th century, Jewish diplomats such as Chaim Weizmann spent decades working to gain international support for a Jewish state.  At the same time, another man was in Palestine building that state from the ground up.  To his friends and colleagues, he was known simply as "the old man".  To the rest of the world, he's remembered as the founder and father of the State of Israel... David Ben-Gurion.

In the early 20th century, a new Jewish national movement was growing in Palestine.  But world events were shfiting quickly, and the entire Middle East was about to change hands.  The Jewish people were soon to get something for which they had waited nearly 2,000 years -- the promise of a home in the land of Israel.

See more parts of "The Hope" -- and purchase the DVD -- here.

In A.D. 70, the Romans conquered Jerusalem and the Jewish people were scattered throughout the world.

Even in exile, they celebrated Passover each year with a prayer of hope: "Next year in Jerusalem".

After more than 1,800 years, the dream of a Jewish homeland was stronger than ever, and in the late 19th century, a young writer from Vienna brought that dream to the attention of the world.